HISTORY OF THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR
The Knights Templar trace their origin back to shortly after the First Crusade. Around 1119, a French nobleman from the Champagne region, Hugues de Payens, collected eight of his knight relatives including Godfrey de Saint-Omer, and began the Order, their stated mission to protect pilgrims on their journey to visit The Holy Places. They approached King Baldwin II of Jerusalem, who allowed them to set up headquarters on the southeastern side of the Temple Mount, inside the Al Aqsa Mosque. Since the Temple Mount was the site of biblical King Solomon’s Temple the Order took the name “The Knights of the Temple of King Solomon”, which later became abbreviated to “Knights Templar”.
In 1129, after they were officially sanctioned by the church at the Council of Troyes, they became very well known in Europe. In 1139, even more power was conferred upon the Order by Pope Innocent II, who issued the papal bull, Omne Datum Optimum. It stated that the Knights Templar could pass freely through any border, owed no taxes, and were subject to no one’s authority except that of the Pope. It was a remarkable confirmation of the Templars and their mission.The Order grew rapidly throughout Western Europe, with chapters appearing in France, England, and Scotland, and then spreading to Spain and Portugal.
The Knights Templar were the elite fighting force of their day, highly trained, well-equipped and highly motivated; one of the tenets of their religious order was that they were forbidden from retreating in battle, unless outnumbered three to one, and even then only by order of their commander, or if the Templar flag went down. The Templars, though relatively small in number, routinely joined other armies in key battles. They would be the force that would ram through the enemy’s front lines at the beginning of a battle, or the fighters that would protect the army from the rear. They fought alongside King Louis VII of France, and King Richard I of England. In addition to battles in Palestine, members of the Order also fought in the Spanish and Portuguese Reconquista.
The Order had amassed great wealth. When they were in the Holy Land and upon their return, they were exempt from all taxes and had many privileges. They loaned enormous amounts of money to the Kings of both England and France as well as many great nobles. For the explanation of Philip IV of France’s persecution of the Templars we need hardly look further than to financial considerations.
One example of many is that in 1299, the Order loaned to Philip the enormous sum of five hundred thousand livres for the dowry of his sister. He was also in desperate straits for money to meet the endless drain of the Flemish War. He had imposed taxes until some of his subjects were in revolt, and others were on the verge of it. When in extreme financial straits he debased the coinage until a popular insurrection was excited in Paris. During the insurrection it was in the Temple that he took refuge, and it was the Templars that defended him against the assaults of the mob.
All these obligations were too great to be incurred by a monarch who was striving to render himself absolute. His resources were exhausted and his scruples were few. The final fall of the Templars may have started over the matter of another loan. The young Philip IV, King of France (also known as “Philip the Fair”) had needed cash for his war with the English and asked the Templars for more money. They refused. The King assigned himself the right to tax the French clergy, and he tried to get the Pope to excommunicate the Templars, but Pope Boniface VIII refused, instead issuing a Papal Bull in 1302 to reinforce that the Pope had absolute supremacy over earthly power, even above a king, and excommunicated King Philip instead. The king responded by sending his councillor, Guillaume de Nogaret, in a plot to kidnap the Pope from his castle in Anagni in September 1303, charging him with dozens of trumped-up charges such as sodomy and heresy. The people of Anagni rose up and rescued the aged Boniface VIII, but he died only a month later from shock due to the ill treatment.
Pope Boniface’s successor, Benedict XI, lifted the excommunication of Philip IV but refused to absolve de Nogaret, excommunicating him and all the other Italian kidnap co-conspirators on June 7, 1304. Benedict died just eight months later in Perugia, perhaps from poisoning by an agent of Nogaret. There followed a year of dispute among the French and Italian cardinals as to the next Pope, before deciding on the non-Italian Bertrand de Goth (Clement V), a childhood friend of Philip, in June 1305. Clement withdrew the Papal Bulls of Boniface VIII which had conflicted with Philip IV’s plans, created nine more French cardinals, and, after a failed attempt to unite the Templars and the Hospitallers, agreed to Philip IV’s demands for an investigation of the Templars. Pope Clement also moved the papacy from the Italian Anagni to the more palatable (and controllable) French Avignon, initiating the period called the Avignon Papacy.
At dawn on Friday, October 13, 1307, scores of French Templars were simultaneously arrested by agents of King Philip, later to be tortured in locations such as the tower at Chinon, into admitting heresy and other sacrilegious offenses in the Order. Over 100 charges were issued against them, the majority of them identical charges that had been earlier issued against the inconvenient Pope Boniface VIII: accusations of denying Christ, spitting and urinating on the cross, and devil worship. The main interrogation of the Templars was under the control of the Inquisitors, a group of experienced interrogators and clergy who circulated around Europe at the beck and call of any European noble. The rules of interrogation said that no blood could be drawn, but this did nothing to stop the torture. One account told of a Templar who had fire applied to the soles of his feet, such that the bones fell out of the skin. Another record states that some Templars were suspended by the ceiling of dungeons and had weights attached to their feet or even genitalia, which were then dropped. Other Templars were suspended upside-down or placed in thumbscrews. Of the 138 Templars (many of them old men) questioned in Paris over the next few years, 105 of them “confessed” to denying Christ during the secret Templar initiations. 103 confessed to an “obscene kiss” being part of the ceremonies, and 123 said they spat on the cross. Throughout the trial there was never any physical evidence of wrongdoing, and no independent witnesses; the only “proof” was obtained through confessions induced by torture. In 1312, after the Council of Vienne, and under extreme pressure from King Philip IV, Pope Clement V issued an edict officially dissolving the Order.
The original Templars protected Christian travelers to Jerusalem and fought in the Crusades to recover the Holy Land. They took vows of poverty, chastity and obedience. Our fraternal organization today asks men of good will to accept the charge to provide what they can to help others and follow the tenets of Freemansonry as well as the spirit of the original Knights
Knight Templar degrees or orders were given by some Masonic lodges in various ways and locations in the early 1700’s. The first organized group started with the formation of the Grand Encampment in Philadelphia on May 12, 1797. Grand Encampments soon after started in various states.
In 1805 the Grand Encampment of Massachusetts and Rhode Island was formed. By 1816 the same members formed the Grand Commandery of Knights Templar of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, our present governing body. Sixteen more Grand Commanderies were formed by the start of the Civil War in 1861. Today there are 47 Grand Commanderies in the United States.There are now almost 1300 local Commanderies in the United States and overseas with over 145,000 Knights There are 29 local Commanderies under the Grand Commandery of MA/RI today, 25 in MA and 4 in RI.
All Knights Templar are Master Masons, but not all Master Masons are Knights.Third Degree master masons may seek more light in the tradition of the 3 degrees received in blue lodge. To become a Knight Templar you must complete degree work in the Royal Arch Chapter, Council of Royal and Select Master Masons and receive the Order of the Red Cross and the Order of Malta to be eligible to receive the Order of the Temple.
The Old Colony Commandery of Knight Templar of Abington had Templar jurisdiction over Weymouth prior to 1870. It should be noted that transportation in that time was typically by horse and carriage. To make life easier, Old Colony gave permission for a Commandery of Knights Templars to be formed in East Weymouth that would be called the South Shore Commandery. A Charter was officially granted on October 13, 1871 whereby the first Eminent Commander, Zachariah Bicknell was elected.
Conclaves were held Monday evenings on or before the full of the moon in a hall on Broad Street, now owned by the Ford Furniture Company. The fee for membership was $40.They moved to new quarters once completed in 1884; and when that building was burned Jan. 15,1912, through the courtesy of Crescent Lodge, I. 0. 0. F., their meetings were held in their Lodge rooms, until the present MasonicTemple was dedicated, Jan. t5, 1914.
South Shore Commandery of Knights Templar Today
Today, the South Shore Commandery #15 of Knights Templar is an active regional fraternal, charitible group of men holding true to the values and code of the original Knights. We meet monthly to share a meal and fellowship with like minded Masonic brothers. Our official charity is the Knight Templar Eye Foundation, but we also support many other community charities. We volunteer with food, clothing and toy drives at Christmas, support youth groups like the Rainbow Camp and DeMolay, Mychips Safety registrations, and always look for other opportunities.
We have a lot of fun too! Annual Inspection and Review, marching in parades, Christmas and Easter Observances, cookouts and family outings are a few of our regular activities.Our monthly meetings are called Conclaves and are held on the 3rd Wednesday with a dinner at 6pm followed with a business meeting, Order presentation or lectures on interesting Masonic or Templar topics, project and program updates and lots of fellowship.
3 Degrees of the Home Lodge or “Blue Lodge”
Entered Apprentice Degree – This degree symbolizes the beginning of a man’s search for knowledge and spiritual growth. The initiate receives his first teachings in the ideals, values and obligations of a Freemason. He receives a Lambskin Apron and learns it’s symbolic meaning. He also is taught how to move about and conduct himself within the Lodge. After the degree, he is heartily welcomed by all his new brothers. Education and training continue in a formal mentoring program with proficiency demonstrated at the next lodge meeting.
Fellowcraft Degree – The apprentice continues to learn more about the “working tools” of his calling as symbolically learning more of how to conduct himself in life as well as the craft. He affirms an expanded obligation. Once more, there are formal training classes and a demonstration of proficiency at the next lodge meeting.
Master Mason – Finally the Fellow of the Craft has come to understand all the lessons of the preceding degrees and will become a Master Mason. This is the crowning achievement of the Blue Lodge. Newly raised to the “Sublime Degree of master Mason”, he is ready to become a full lodge member, signing the bylaws and receiving full benefits and privileges. Some elect to “join the line” and become officers of the lodge. Some elect to pursue more light in Masonry by petitioning to join the York Rite.
YORK RITE DEGREES
4 Received in Royal Arch Chapter – The Capitular Degrees
3 Received in Council Of Royal & Select Master Masons – The Cryptic Degrees
3 Orders Received in Commandery of Knights Templar – The Chivalric Orders
Royal Arch Chapter Degrees
Mark Master Degree – This degree continues and expands on the Fellowcraft stories with lessons on discipline and integrity. The Fellow learns to produce his best work and “make his mark”. The setting is the building of King Solomon’s Temple.
Past Master Degree – This degree teaches to lesson of maintaining order and harmony, both within the lodge and life. The symbolic title of “Master” is awarded, but the candidate receives no real rank as a Past Master
Most Excellent Master Degree – The lesson of this degree is reverence as the dedication of the completed Temple symbolizes the completion of the development of the candidate and appreciation for all that these goals required.
Royal Arch Mason Degree – This degree was once considered as the 4th blue lodge degree, tied by the loss of the Master’s Word in the Third Degree and the recovery of the Master’s Word in the Royal Arch Degree.
Upon receiving this degree, the man is now a Royal Arch Mason and member of his Royal Arch Chapter, signing the bylaws. He receives all the rights and privileges of that membership. Some elect to become members of the officer line of their chapter, some elect to seek more light and continue their masonic education by petitioning to join the Council of Royal and Select master Masons.
Council Of Royal and Select Master Masons Degrees
Royal Master Degree – This degree lesson is patience and fortitude. The Fellowcraft mason is working in the Temple with depictions of events both before and after the death of Hiram Abif.
Select Master Degree – This degree depicts the building and furnishing of the Secret Vault beneath the Sanctum Sanctorum of the Temple of Solomon and the loss of the Ineffable Word leading to the Recovery in the next degree. The lessons are to understand devotion and zeal.
Super Excellent Master – The lessons of loyalty and faithfulness are exemplified in this degree. The events surrounding the destruction of the Temple and building of the Second Temple are featured.
Upon completion of these degrees the mason become a Royal and Select master Mason and member of the Council that bestowed these degrees. He will sign the bylaws and receive all rights and privileges as a new member. Some elect to join the officer line or participate from the sideline. Others choose to petition the local Commandery to receive their Orders and the charge of Knighthood.
Commandery of Knights Templar Chivalric Orders
Order Of The Red Cross – This Order emphasizes to lesson of truth. The candidate experiences the travails of a soldier fighting in the Crusades. He must learn what it means to become a knight and a man of God and truth. Obligations are taken and his journey continues in the second Order which is usually bestowed in the same conclave (meeting of Knights Templar). He receives the pass degree of the Mediterranean Pass, or Knight of St Paul then the
Order of Malta – This order is centered on the allegorical elements of the Knights of Malta, inheritors of the medieval Knights Hospitaller.
Order of the Temple – This Order emphasizes the solemnity and reverence of the Crucifixion, Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus Christ. The lessons also center of the self sacrifice of the candidate to better follow the lessons of Christ.
Upon completion, the Mason will assume the title of Sir Knight and receive all the rights and privileges due a new member of the Commandery. He may choose to wear his Order of Red Cross, Order of Malta and Order of the Temple medals on his suit breast and participate from the sidelines, or purchase a Knight Templar uniform, chapeau and sword and join the officer line or Review and parade divisions.
Down through the years many famous men from all parts of the globe have also been members of the Masonic Order. Below you will see just a small sampling of some of these famous men who have proudly united themselves with our beloved Fraternity.
The First President of the United States of America, was born on February 22, 1732 and died on December 14, 1799. Initiated Nov. 4, 1752, passed March 3, 1753, raised Aug. 4, 1753 all in Fredericksburg Lodge (later No. 4) at Fredericksburg, Va. Charter Master, Alexandria Lodge No. 22, Alexandria, Va., April 28, 1788 and reelected Dec. 20 1788.
5th President, born 1758; died 1831. Initiated in Williamsburg Lodge No. 6 at Williamsburg, Va., Nov. 9, 1775, but there is no record of his taking any further degrees. The records of Cumberland Lodge No. 8 in Tennessee, June 8, 1819, show a reception for Monroe as “a Brother of the Craft.”
7th President, born 1767, died 1829. Grand Master of Tennessee, 1822-23. His lodge is unknown but he is said to have attended at Clover Bottom Lodge under the Grand Lodge of Kentucky. He was present in lodge at Greeneville in 1801 and acted as Senior Warden pro tem. The records of St. Tammany Lodge No. 29 at Nashville, which became Harmony Lodge No. 1 under the Grand Lodge of Tennessee, show that Jackson was a member.
JAMES K. POLK
11th President, born 1795; died 1849. Initiated, passed, and raised in Columbia Lodge No. 31, Columbia, Tenn. Exalted a Royal Arch Mason in La Fayette Chapter No. 4 at Columbia in 1825.
15th President, Born 1791; died 1868;(1857-1861). Initiated December 11, 1816, in Lodge 43, at Lancaster, PA. Passed and raised in 1817. Junior Warden in 1821 and 1822. Master in 1825. Also Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.
17th President, born 1808 died 1875; initiated, passed and raised in Greeneville Lodge No. 119 now No. 3 at Greeneville, Tenn. in 1851. Probably a member of Greeneville Chapter No. 82 Royal Arch Masons, since he joined Nashville Commandery of Knights Templar No. 1 in 1859. He received the Scottish Rite degrees in the White House in 1867.
JAMES A. GARFIELD
20th President, born 1831; died 1881; initiated and passed in Magnolia Lodge No. 20, Columbus, Ohio, and raised in Columbus Lodge No.3O, 1864. Affiliated with Garrettsville Lodge No. 246 in 1866 Affiliated with Pentalpha Lodge No. 23 Washington, D. C. as charter member in 1869. Exalted in Columbus Royal Arch Chapter, 1866 and Knight Templar, 1866. 14th Degree Scottish Rite, 1872.
25th President, born 1843; died 1901; is sometimes said to have been initiated, passed, and raised in Hiram Lodge No. 10 in Winchester, West Virginia in 1865. But William Moseley Brown is authority for the statement that this event took place in Hiram Lodge No. 21 at Winchester, Virginia in that year. McKinley affiliated with Canton Lodge No. 60 at Canton, Ohio in 1867 and later became a charter member of Eagle Lodge No. 43. He received the Capitular degrees in Canton in 1883 and was made a Knight Templar in 1884.
26th President, born 1858, died 1919. Initiated, Passed, and Raised in Matinecock Lodge No. 806, Oyster Bay, N. Y. in 1901.
WILLIAM H. TAFT
27th President, born 1857; died 1930. Made a Mason at sight in Kilwinning Lodge No. 356, Cincinnati, Ohio in 1901. Evidently, that made him a member at large, for the Grand Lodge issued him a demit and he became a member of the above lodge.
WARREN G. HARDING
29th President born 1865; died 1923. Initiated in Marion Lodge No. 7O, Marion, Ohio, 1901. He received no other degree until after becoming President. He was passed and raised in Marion Lodge in 1920, Royal Arch Chapter degrees in Marion Chapter No. 62 in 1921; Knight Templar in Marion Commandery No. 36, in 1921. Scottish Rite and Shrine in 1921.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
32nd President, born 1882; died 1945. Initiated, passed, and raised in Holland Lodge No. 8, New York City, in 1911, 32nd Degree Scottish Rite in Albany Consistory 1929, Shrine in 1930.
HARRY S TRUMAN
33rd President, Born May 8, 1884, Lamar, Missouri. Received the degrees in Belton Lodge No 450; organized and became a charter member of Grandview No. 618. Served as both district lecturer and deputy Grand Master for several years. Elected Grand Master of Masons in Missouri in 1940. He always claimed this was the greatest honor that had ever come to him. He received the first Gourgas Medal of the Scottish Rite, NMJ granted while he was serving as a Senator. Elected Vice-President in 1944 and became President on the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt (a Mason) on April 12, 1945. He died on December 26 1972. On December 26 1972, Truman was buried on his library’s grounds with impressive rites. These included the only Masonic funeral service ever televised worldwide.
LYNDON B. JOHNSON
36th President of the US. Initiated on October 30, 1937, in Johnson City Lodge 561, Johnson City, TX. Johnson never completed the degrees however, and therefore obtained only the Degree of an Entered Apprentice Mason.
GERALD R. FORD
38th President, Born July 14, 1913 as Leslie L. King, Jr. He was later adopted and took the name of his mother’s second husband (who was also a Mason). Became President on August 9, 1974 following the resignation of President Richard Nixon. Ford received the degrees in Malta Lodge No. 405, Grand Rapids, Michigan. Brother Ford was the 1974 recipient of the NY Grand Lodge Distinguished Achievement Award, the highest honor that can be presented by the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of New York.
John Jacob Astor Daniel Carter Beard Red Skelton
Fur trader and financier Founder of the Boy Scouts Comedian
Arnold Palmer Gutzon Borglum Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin
Golf Legend Man who carved Mt Rushmore Astronuat
Norman Vincent Peale Irving Berlin George Pullman
Minister Songwriter/Entertainer Inventor/Industrialist
Branch Rickey Everett Dirksen Benjamin Franklin
Baseball legend US Congressman/Senator Founding Father/Scientist
Omar N. Bradley Rev. Francis Bellamy Cecil B. DeMille
Military leader Author – Pleadge of Allegiance Filmmaker
Fiorello La Guardia Roy Rogers George C. Masrshall
“Father” of New York Cowboy and screen star US Army General
Henry Ford Harry Houdini Cy Young
Founder – Ford Motors Magician/Escape Artist Baseball Legend
Dr. James Naismith Paul Whiteman Benjamin Franklin
Inventor of basketball Orchestra Leader Founding Father
THE LIST GOES ON AND ON….
Abbott, Sir John J.C. – Prime Minister of Canada 1891-92
Abbott, Robert Sengstacke – Founder/publisher “Chicago Defender”
Allen, Richard – Founder/first bishop AME Church
Allende, Salvador – President of Chile, overthrown in 1970
Armstrong, Louis – Jazz Musician
Arnold, General Henry “Hap” – Commander of the Army Air Force
Atkins, Chet – Musician
Austin, Stephen F. – Father of Texas
Autry, Gene – Actor
Baldwin, Henry – Supreme Court Justice
Balfour, Lloyd – Jewelry
Bartholdi, Frederic A. – Designed the Statue of Liberty
Basie, William “Count” – Orchestra leader/composer
Baylor, Robert E. B. – Founder Baylor University
Bell, Lawrence – Bell Aircraft Corp
Bennett, Viscount R. B. – Prime Minister of Canada 1930-35
Black, Hugo L. – Supreme Court Justice
Blair, Jr., John – Supreme Court Justice
Blake, James Herbert “Eubie” – Composer/pianist
Blatchford, Samuel – Supreme Court Justice
Bolivar, Simon – South American freedom fighter
Borden, Sir Robert L. – Prime Minister of Canada 1911-1920
Borgnine, Ernest – Actor
Botha, Pik – Former Foreign Minister of South Africa
Bowell, Sir Mackenzie – Prime Minister of Canada 1894-96
Bowie, James – Alamo
Bradley, Thomas – Former mayor of Los Angeles, California
Brant, Joseph – Chief of the Mohawks 1742 – 1807
Brundage, Avery – Olympic Committee
Bryan, Richard – U.S. Senator
Burbank, Luther – Pioneering botanist
Burnett, David G. – 1st President of the Republic of Texas
Burns, Conrad – U.S. Senator
Burns, Robert – The National Poet of Scotland
Burton, Harold H. – Supreme Court Justice
Byrd, Robert – U.S. Senator
Byrd, Admiral Richard E. – Flew over North Pole
Byrnes, James F. – Supreme Court Justice
Cain, Michael – Actor
Calvo, Father Francisco – Catholic Priest who started Freemasonry in Costa Rica 1865
Campbell, Sir Malcolm – Land speed record holder
Carlson, Curtis L. – Entrepreneur
Carnahan, Melvin – Governor of Missouri
Carson, Christopher “Kit” – Frontiersman, scout and explorer
Casanova – Italian Adventurer, writer and entertainer
Catton, John – Supreme Court Justice
Chagall, Marc – Artist
Chrysler, Walter P. – Automotive fame
Churchill, Sir Winston – British Leader
Citroen, Andre – French Engineer and motor car manufacturer
Clark, Roy – Country Western Star
Clark, Thomas C. – Supreme Court Justice
Clark, William – Explorer
Clarke, John H. – Supreme Court Justice
Clemens, Samuel L. – Mark Twain – writer
Cobb, Ty – Baseball Player
Cody, “Buffalo Bill” William – Indian fighter, Wild West Show
Cohan, George M. – Broadway star
Cole, Nat ‘King’ – Great ballad singer
Collodi, Carlo – Writer of Pinocchio
Colt, Samuel – Firearms inventor
Combs, Earle Bryan – Baseball Hall of Fame
Cooper, Gordon – Astronaut
Crockett, David – American Frontiersman and Alamo fame
Cushing, William – Supreme Court Justice
Dempsey, Jack – Sports
Desaguliers, John Theophilus – Inventor of the planetarium
Devanter, Willis Van – Supreme Court Justice
Diefenbaker, John G. – Prime Minister of Canada 1957-63
Disney, Walt – Cartoonist/movies
Dole, Robert – U.S. Senator
Doolittle, General James – Famous Army Air Corps Pilot
Douglas, William O. – Supreme Court Justice
Dow, William H. – Dow Chemical Co.
Doyle, Sir Author Conan – Writer – Sherlock Holmes
Drake, Edwin L – American Pioneer of the Oil industry
DuBois, W.E.B. – Educator/scholar
Dunant, Jean Henri – Founder of the Red Cross
Edward VII – King of England
Edward VIII – King of England who abdicated the throne in less than 1 year
Ellery, William – 1 of 9 Masonic signers of the Declaration of Independance
Ellington, Duke – Composer, Arranger and Stylist
Ellsworth, Oliver – Supreme Court Justice Elway, John – Hall of Fame Quarterback of the Denver Broncos Evers, Medger Wiley – Civil rights leader
Ervin Jr, Samual J. – U. S. Senator – headed “Watergate” committee
Faber, Eberhard – Head of the famous Eberhard Faber Pencil Company
Fairbanks, Douglas – Silent film actor
Field, Stephen J. – Supreme Court Justice
Fields, W.C. – Actor
Fisher, Geoffrey – Archbishop of Canterbury 1945 – 1961
Fitch, John – Inventor of the Steamboat
Fleming, Sir Alexander – Discovered Penicillin
Forten, James – Abolitionist/manufacturer
Fortune, Timothy Thomas – Journalist
Freeman, Orville – Former governor of Minnesota and secretary of U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Gable, Clark – Actor
Garibaldi, Giuseppe – Italian freedom fighter
Gatling, Richard J. – Built the “Gatling Gun”
George VI – King of England during W.W. II
Gibbon, Edward – Writer – Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
Gilbert, Sir William S. – Was the libretis for “Pirates of Penzance”
Gillette, King C. – Gillette Razor Co.
Glenn, John H. – First American to orbit the earth/U.S. Senator
Godfrey, Arthur – Radio and early televison personality
Goldwater, Barry – Former U.S. Senator
Gompers, Samuel – Founder American Federation of Labor
Grassley, Charles – U.S. Senator
Gray, Harold Lincoln – Creator of “Little Orphan Annie”
Gris, Juan – Spanish artist- Synthetic Cubism
Grissom, Virgil – Astronaut
Grock – Swiss Circus Clown
Guillotin, Joseph Ignace – Inventor of the “Guillotin”
Hall, Prince – First black American Freemason
Haley, Alex – Author of “Roots”
Hampton, Lionel – Orchestra leader/composer
Hancock, John – 1 of 9 Masonic signers of Declaration of Independance
Handel, George Fredrick – Composer
Handy, William C. – Composer “Father of the Blues”
Hardy, Oliver – Actor – Comedian
Harlan, John M. – Supreme Court Justice
Harvey, Paul – Radio personality
Hatfield, Mark – U.S. Senator
Hawkins, Augustus F. – U.S. Congressman California
Haydn, Franz Joseph F. – Composer and Musician
Hedges, Cornelius – “Father” of Yellowstone National Park
Helms, Jesse – U.S. Senator
Henson, Josiah – Inspired the novel “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”
Henson, Matthew – Explorer
Hilton, Charles C. – American Hotelier
Hoban, James – Architect for the U.S. White House
Hoe, Richard M. – Invented the rotary press, revolutionizing newspaper printing
Hollings, Ernest – U.S. Senator
Hooks, Benjamin L. – Former Executive Director NAACP
Hoover, Frank – Vacuum cleaner fame
Hoover, J. Edgar – Director of FBI
Hope, Bob – Comedian
Hornsby, Rogers – An original member of the Baseball Hall of Fame
Houston, Sam – 2nd & 4th President of the Republic of Texas Humphrey, Hubert H. – Vice President of the U.S. Irwin, Jim – Astronaut
Ives, Burle – Musician Jackson, Robert H. – Supreme Court Justice
James, Daniel “Chappie” – General U.S. Air Force
Jenner, Edward – Inventor – Vaccination for Small Pox
Johnson, John A ‘Jack’ – Heavyweight boxing title holder, 1908-1915
Johnson, John H. – Publisher EBONY and Jet magazines
Johnston, Jr. , J. Bennett – U.S. Senator
Jolson, Al – Acted in the first ‘talking picture,’ The Jazz Singer
Jones, Anson – 5th President of the Republic of Texas
Jones, John Paul – Naval Commander
Jones, Melvin – One of the founders of the Lions International Keaton, Buster – Movie pioneer
Kemp, Jack – Former U.S. Congressman/sports hero
Kern, Jerome – Composer
Key, Francis Scott – Wrote U.S. National Anthem
Kipling, Rudyard – Writer
Knox, Henry – Revolutionary War General
Lafayette, Marquis de – Supporter of American Freedom
Lake, Simon – Built first submarine successful in open sea
Lamar, Joseph E. – Supreme Court Justice
Lamar, Mirabeau B. – 3rd President of the Republic of Texas
Land, Frank S. – Founder Order of DeMolay
Lemon, Mark – Founder of Punch, humorous British magazine
Lewis, Meriwether – Explorer
Lincoln, Elmo – First actor to play Tarzan of the Apes (1918)
Lindbergh, Charles – Aviator
Lipton, Sir Thomas – Tea
Livingston, Robert – Co-Negotiator for purchase of Louisiana Territory
Lloyd, Harold C. – Entertainer
Lott, Trent – U.S. Senator
MacArthur, General Douglas – Commander of Armed Forces in Philipines
MacDonald, Sir John A. – Prime Minister of Canada 1867-73 & 1878-91
Marshall, James W. – Discovered Gold at Sutter’s Mill California 1848
Marshall, John – Chief Justice U.S. Supreme Court 1801 – 1835
Marshall, Thurgood – Supreme Court Justice
Mathews, Stanley – Supreme Court Justice
Mayer, Louis B. – Film producer – formed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM)
Mayo, Dr. William and Charles – Began Mayo Clinic
Mays, Benjamin – Educator/former president Atlanta University
Maytag, Fredrick – Maytag
Menninger, Karl A. – Psychiatrist famous for treating mental illness
Mellon, Andrew – American industrialis, banker and philanthropist
Mesmer, Franz Anton – Practiced Mesmerism which led to Hypnotism
Metcalfe, Ralph H. – Olympic champion
Michelson, Albert Abraham – Successfully measured the speed of light in 1882
Miller, Glenn – Musician
Minton, Sherman – Supreme Court Justice
Mix, Tom – U.S. Marshal turned actor – Starred in over 400 western films
Montgolfier, Jacques Etienne – Co-developer of the first practical hot-air balloon
Montgolfier, Joseph Michel – Co-developer of the first practical hot-air balloon
Moody, William H. – Supreme Court Justice
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus – Composer
Murphy, Audie – Most decorated American Soldier of WWII Nash, Charles – Automobile industry
Nelson, Samuel – Supreme Court Justice
New, Harry S. – Postmaster General who established Airmail
Newton, Joseph Fort – Christian Minister
Nunn, Sam – U.S. Senator
Olds, Ransom E. – American automobile pioneer
Otis, James – Famous for “Taxation without Representation is Tyranny”
Papst, Charles F. – Coined the term “Athletes Foot”
Paterson, William – Supreme Court Justice
Peary, Robert E. – First man to reach the North Pole (1909)
Penney, James C. – Retailer
Pershing, John Joseph – Decorated American Soldier
Pitney, Mahlon – Supreme Court Justice
Pound, Roscoe – Former Dean, Harvard Law School
Pushkin, Aleksander – Russian Poet
Rangel, Charles B. – U.S. Congressman New York
Randolph, A. Phillip – Founder – first president, International Brotherhood Sleeping Car Porters
Retief, Piet – Afrikaans leader and and one of the founders of the South African nation
Reed, Stanley F. – Supreme Court Justice
Revere, Paul – Famous American
Rhodes, Cecil – “Rhodes Scholarship”
Rickenbacker, Eddie – Great American Army Air Corps “Ace”
Ringling Brothers – All 7 brothers and their father were Masons
Robinson, Sugar Ray – American Boxer
Rogers, Will – Actor
Rush, Benjamin – 1 of 9 Masonic signers of the Declaration of Independance
Rutledge, Wiley B. – Supreme Court Chief Justice
Salten, Felix – Creator of Bambi
Sanders, Harland “Colonel” – Founder Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurants
Sarnoff, David – Father of T.V.
Sax, Antoine Joseph – Invented the Saxophone (1846)
Schoonover, George – Founder of “The Builder”
Schirra, Wally – Astronaut
Scott, Sir Walter – Writer
Sellers, Peter – Actor
Sexson, W. Mark – Founder of Rainbow Girls, Masonic historian/author/researcher
Sibelius, Jean – Composer (Finland)
Simpson, Alan – U.S. Senator
Smith, John Stafford – Wrote the music that became the U.S. National Anthem
Sousa, John Philip – Led the U.S. Marine Band from 1880 – 1892
Stanford, Leland – Railroads & Stanford University
Starr, Bart – Football legend
Stassen, Harold – Statesman, sole surviving signer of the United Nations Charter
Stewart, Potter – Supreme Court Justice
Still, Andrew T. – American Physician who devised osteopathy treatment
Stokes, Carl B. – Former mayor, Cleveland, OH
Stokes, Louis – U.S. Congressman Ohio
Stratton, Charles “Tom Thumb” – Entertainer
Swayne, Noah H. – Supreme Court Justice
Swift, Johathan – Author of “Gulliver’s Travels”
Teets, John W. – Chairman and Presiden of Dial Corporation
Thomas, Danny – Actor and Entertainer
Thomas, Dave – Founder of Wendys Restaurant
Thomas, Lowell – Reporter Who Brought ‘Lawrence of Arabia’ to Public Notice
Thurston, Howard – Vaudeville Magician
Tillis, Mel – Country Singer
Tirpitz, Alfred Von – German Naval officer responsible for submarine warfare
Todd, Thomas – Supreme Court Justice
Travis, Colonel William B. – Texas Patriot at the Battle of the Alamo
Trimble, Robert – Supreme Court Justice
Vinson, Frederick M. – Supreme Court Justice 1946-1953
Voltaire – French Writer and Philosopher
Wadlow, Robert Pershing – Tallest human on record, 9 feet tall
Wallace, George C. – Presidential Candidate who was the target of an assassination attempt
Wallace, Lewis – Wrote “Ben Hur”
Warner, Jack – Founder of Warner Brothers
Warren, Earl – Supreme Court Justice 1969-1986
Washington, Booker T – Educator and Author
Wayne, John – Actor
Webb, Matthew – First Man to Swim the English Channel (1875)
Wilde, Oscar – Author
Woodbury, Levi – Supreme Court Justice
Woods, William B. – Supreme Court Justice
Wootton MD, Percy – President American Medical Association (1997- )
Wyler, William – Director of “Ben Hur”
Zanuck, Darryl F. – Co-founder of 20th Century Productions in 1933
Ziegfeld, Florenz – His Ziegfeld’s Follies began in 1907